Eye Movements is the ability of the athlete to accurately use the two eyes together to ﬁxate on a target and to maintain this ﬁxation while the athlete and or the target is in motion or stationary. Eyes have three types of movements:
- Saccades : These are quick movements between two points in space usually at a speed of 400 to 700 degrees per second. They are directed towards stationary targets.
- Smooth Pursuits : These are slow eye movements and allow continuous visualization of moving target. The usual reaction time between target movement and the initiation of smooth pursuits is 125-135 ms and the speed is about 30-70 degrees per second. They are used to track moving targets.
- Vergences : These are inward and outward movements of the two eyes together. Eyes can have convergence or divergence movements.