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Eye Movements is the ability of the athlete to accurately use the two eyes together to fixate on a target and to maintain this fixation while the athlete and or the target is in motion or stationary. Eyes have three types of movements:

  • Saccades : These are quick movements between two points in space usually at a speed of 400 to 700 degrees per second. They are directed towards stationary targets.
  • Smooth Pursuits : These are slow eye movements and allow continuous visualization of moving target. The usual reaction time between target movement and the initiation of smooth pursuits is 125-135 ms and the speed is about 30-70 degrees per second. They are used to track moving targets.
  • Vergences : These are inward and outward movements of the two eyes together. Eyes can have convergence or divergence movements.