Five ways Diabetes can affect your vision
Diabetes is a systemic problem that occurs when the blood sugars are high in the blood. It can cause or worsen different organs, one of which is the eye. Diabetes can lead to vision problems such as blurry vision, dry eyes, and cataracts. This article discusses such vision problems as explained by the best ophthalmologist in Mumbai.
Diabetes can cause blurry vision due to damage to the nerves or blood vessels in the eye. In a diabetic patient, high blood sugar can cause This causes the eye lens to swell, and leads to a change in spectacle numbers.
A cataract is a term for the clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. Cataracts are caused due to high blood sugar levels. The increased glucose levels cause the lens to swell and affect the clarity of vision. Moreover, the lens has an enzyme that converts glucose to sorbitol, which causes cataracts
Diabetic retinopathy is another complication of diabetes that results when blood vessels in the retina of the eye become weakened and leak fluid. This leads to damage to the retina, which can lead to blindness, if it is not caught in time. Diabetic retinopathy can be of two types: Proliferative and Nonproliferative.
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is a form of diabetic retinopathy that occurs when the blood vessels in the retina become inflamed and leak, which causes them to swell. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is usually caused by a long-term complication of diabetes such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, or chronic kidney disease. This type of retinopathy can lead to sight loss if left untreated.
Nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
When early signs of diabetes retinal damage show up on the retina it is called Non Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy. This is reversible however if untreated and blood sugar levels are not controlled it progresses to proliferative diabetic retinopathy.