Everything you Need to know About Corneal Transplant
The cornea is the eye’s outer transparent layer, which converges light on the retina and helps in clear vision. The cornea is responsible for 80% of vision. Diseases of the cornea might obscure the clarity of the tissue and it seriously hampers vision then the best eye surgeons in Mumbai may recommend a corneal replacement or corneal transplant
When is Cornea Transplant Recommended?
The cornea focuses light on the centre of the retina. But a damaged cornea may not focus light clearly, causing vision-related issues. Therefore, a corneal transplant is recommended to resolve the following corneal issues that cause vision problems.
- Corneal scaring due to injury or infection
- Corneal ulcer
- Bulging of the cornea or “keratoconus”
- Corneal problems due to previous eye surgery (Bullous Keratopathy)
- Fuchs Dystrophy: an inherited disease
- Thinning, clouding, or swelling of the cornea
- Corneal Dystrophies & degenerations
Our eye hospital in Mumbai offers an in-detail corneal examination and cornea surgery in Mumbai.
Types of Cornea Transplant
Here are a few types of corneal transplants, which are recommended by our best eye surgeon in Mumbai after a thorough eye examination.
- Full Thickness Corneal Transplant
It is also called Penetrating Keratoplasty. In this, the entire cornea is replaced with a new cornea, and the eye doctor replaces and stitches the new cornea onto the eye with stitches thinner than hair.
- Partial Thickness Corneal Transplant (Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty)
Cornea has several layers, In this type of corneal transplant the superficial and the middle layer of cornea are replaced, keeping the innermost layer or desements membrane of the patient intact.
- Endothelial Keratoplasty
Endothelium is the innermost corneal layer. The endothelial keratoplasty aims to treat the innermost corneal layer. Almost half of the patients having corneal transplants have endothelial keratoplasty. Typically, this is recommended to treat Fush’s dystrophy or conditions whwere a damaged and diseased endothelium is causing the rest of corneal layer to swell up therby loose clarity
What is Corneal Transplant Surgery Like?
Before having the surgery, the eye doctor will have a thorough eye examination and will ask you to stop taking medicines like aspirin a couple of weeks before the procedure. The doctor will also prescribe antibiotic eye drops to prevent infections.
At first, the eye doctor will numb your eye with an anesthetic eye drop and injection will be given to numb the eye but you will be awake during surgery. Next, the eye doctor will operate on the cornea and do the corneal transplant.
The procedure will take 30-60 minutes for completion, depending on the type and complexity of individual cases.
Most people with corneal transplants have reported vision restoration after the surgery. Moreover, the vision becomes clearer with passing days as your eyes adapt to the cornea. And if you wear glasses or lenses, they might have to be adjusted to suit the new optical structure.
Restore your vision with our cornea transplant Hospital in Mumbai. Book an appointment to discuss your eye problems with us.